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At the heart of all things

Which, I wonder, came first: the idea that divinity dwells in heaven "above" while mortals are on earth "below"; or the conjunction of "higher" and "lower" with notions of superiority and inferiority? Anything or anyone up, above, is definitely superior: they are one of the higher-ups, upwardly mobile, looked up to... whereas the opposite is lowly, dragged down, looked down upon. Even the words used to convey prominence are related to height - lofty, exalted, elevated, high-ranking, and we describe our good and bad moods as being in high spirits or down in the dumps.